Kava or kava-kava (Piper methysticum) (Piper: Greek for "intoxicating") is a crop of the western Pacific. '
Kava is consumed throughout the Pacific Ocean cultures of Polynesia, including Hawaii, Vanuatu, Melanesia and some parts of Micronesia. Kava can be sedating and is primarily consumed to relax without disrupting mental clarity. Its active ingredients are called kavalactones. In Papua New Guinea, the locals in Madang province refer to their kava as waild koniak ("wild cognac" in English).
Piper methysticum's ritual use as a mild sedative has been described by numerous anthropologists.
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